Did you know you can use Homebrew to install Oracle’s SQLcl on Mac? I just realized this about a week ago (always the bridesmaid, never the bride…amirite??).
First you’ll need to install Homebrew (I’m sure there are other ways to install SQLcl, but installing through Homebrew was a breeze).
You can install Homebrew on your Mac by first opening up a new terminal window and typing/entering:
/bin/bash -c "$(curl -fsSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/Homebrew/install/HEAD/install.sh)"
That Shell script should walk you through the setup.
DISCLAIMER: I didn't go that route, but if you follow the directions on the Homebrew site I assume it should work.
If you want a more hands-on approach, visit this site for a complete walk through of setting up your new Mac for application development. You may not need to do everything on that site, but read up on the Homebrew & Cask sections.
I’ve since learned that you are really installing the SQLcl app via Cask (which is included in Homebrew). Cask allows the installation of “large binary files” (see the site from the paragraph above for more details). A list of the current Cask applications available.
Once you are all updated with Homebrew, you can then open up a new terminal and enter the following:
brew install sqlcl
As it installs, you’ll see a lot of activity in the terminal window. Once complete, you’ll see something that looks like this (I’ve already installed/reinstalled it tons of times, so there may be some slight difference):
The main things to review are in the “Caveats” section. First, you’ll need Java 11+ or higher for this to work (i.e., connect to an Oracle database). I didn’t realize this, but we give you a command to update to the latest Java version. I wish I had known that, as I spent way too much time figuring out the best way to update.
Second, you’ll need to add a new line to your “PATH environment variable”.
What is “PATH?”:
PATH is an environment variable on Unix-like operating systems, DOS, OS/2, and Microsoft Windows, specifying a set of directories where executable programs are located. In general, each executing process or user session has its own PATH setting.Wikipedia.org
I understand this, as specific applications will only work if you’ve predefined the locations of their dependencies. You can indicate where your operating system looks for these dependencies by updating the PATH Environment Variable (a separate file; more on this in a second). We have another excellent resource here (it explains PATH and CLASSPATH well).
Locating PATH on Mac
On a Mac, there are a couple of ways you can find PATH.
PRO TIP: PATH export definitions are located in a .zprofile file.
The easiest way (for me) to find this file is by typing/entering in a terminal window:
LEARN ZSH: Want to learn all there is about zsh , .zshenv, .zprofile, .zshrc or .zlogin? Bookmark this manual for future use.
From there, your .zprofile file will appear in a new window. Mine looks like this:
If you recall from the “Caveats” section, you may need to add a line to your PATH. I’ve already done that; I added a comment for reference (optional, but make sure the comment is preceded with a “#”).
Remember to save (with CMD + S)! After which, you can close out the window.
Also, it’s a good idea to close any active terminals and open a new one (this way your terminal picks up any changes you’ve made).
You can also perform a check to see what is installed via Homebrew with the following command:
You’ll see something akin to this (depending on what you have installed):
Dive into SQLcl
Okay, now we are ready to explore SQLcl!
DISCLAIMER: I'm not connecting to my database yet (I will be in my next post as I'm just working out the kinks on my Podman setup…containers, baby!).
I’ll keep this next section simple. Begin with a new terminal and type/enter:
You’ll see the following printout:
If you look closely, you’ll see information for
Usage 1 and
README: When in doubt, refer to the help!
Usage 1 – great for reviewing in-context help documentation as well as version information.
Regarding help, I’ve tried the following (they all work):
exit into the command line to exit the SQLcl help screen.
Usage 2, you’ll find information for two login options:
- Login with a “Connect Identifier”
- No logon
The Connect Identifier can be either:
- “Net Service Name”
- “Easy Connect”
Wut r theez?
I found some information relating to the “Net Service Name” method of connection; you can refer to that here. Be forewarned – there seems to be some configuration required to use the Net Service Name method (I’ve not tested this yet).
Conversely, the Easy Connect Method looks well…easier. I found a good resource here. This was the method I used when experimenting with containers and Podman (blog coming soon!).
Now, if you are like me and want to explore SQLcl (without connecting to an Oracle database), you can log in using the /NOLOG option. Make sure you exit out of the SQLcl help screen first.
Once you’re out, type/enter the following command:
NOTE: Make sure you have a space between the "
sqland the "
Once you hit enter, you should see a screen like this:
Unimpressive, right? Well, allow me to whet your appetite some. From here, you have two more options. Those are:
h will reveal a history of the most recent shell commands you’ve executed.
help and you’ll; reveal a list of the available SQLcl commands and options. It looks like this:
Pretty cool, eh?
You can take this one step further by typing/entering a topic of interest. Here are a couple random topics I explored (ALIAS and MODELER):
While I have yet to take full advantage of what SQLcl offers, I see the potential time savings for application developers who want to stay in a text editor while coding (without switching to another GUI application).
I’ll include the SQLcl documentation so you have it for reference. But be forewarned we’re updating this document; some instructions may be changed.
And check back in a week or two once I get Podman fully working with one of our Database Containers. I’ll test SQLcl, ORDS, and an Oracle Enterprise database 21.3.x (if you’re curious about our available containers, you can find them here).
Want to learn even more about SQLcl? Check out these helpful resources:
- SQLcl Main Page
- SQLcl Official Download Page
- SQLcl Release Notes
- SQLcl FAQs
- SQLcl Oracle Communities Forum
- SQLcl Intro/Getting Started Video